Basic Russian words and phrases

These tables were taken from here

English Russian Transcription
Hello! Здравствуйте
(formal or adressing a group of people)
Здравствуй
(informal)
Привет
(colloquial. Speaking to a close friend or friends)
zdrá-stvooy-tye][zdrá-stvooy][pree-vyét]
Good morning! Доброе утро! [dó-bra-ye óot-ra]
Good day! -Добрый день! [dó-bri dyen]
Good evening! Добрый вечер [dó-bri vyé-cheer]
Good night! Спокойной ночи! [spa-kóy-nay nóchi]
How are you? – (Very) well! Как дела? –
(Очень) хорошо!
[kak dee-lá?] – [(ó-cheen) ha-ra-shó]
Thank you (very much)! Большое) спасибо! [(bal-shó-ye) spa-sée-ba]
Please /
You are welcome/
Here you are
Пожалуйста! [pa-zhál-sta]
Goodbye! До свидания! [da svee-dá-nee-ya]
See you! Пока! [pa-ká]
Sorry (formal)! – Sorry (informal)! Извините! –
Извини!
[eez-vee-née-tye] –
[eez-vee-née]
It doesn’t matter. Ничего [nee-chye-vó]
Yes – No Да – Нет [da] – [nyet]
Maybe Может бьть [mó-zhyt bit]

These phrases are also useful in everyday communication in Russian.

English Russian Transcription
Do you speak English (German)
(French)?
Вы говорите по-английски
(по-немецки)
(по-французски)?
[vy ga-va-rée-tye pa-an-gléey-skee
(pa-nye-myé-tskee)
(pa-fran-tsóos-kee)]
I (didn’t) understand Я (не) понял (m)
Я (не) поняла (f)
[ya (nye) pó-neel]
[ya (nye) pa-nee-lá]
Did you understand (formal)?
Did you understand (informal)?
Did you understand (formal)?
Did you understand (informal)?
[vi pó-nee-lee]
[ti pó-neel]
[ti pa-nee-lá]
Repeat, please! (formal) –
Repeat, please (informal)
Повторите, пожалуйста! –
Повтори, пожалуйста!
[pav-ta-rée-tye, pa-zhál-sta] –
[pav-ta-rée, pa-zhál-sta]
I (don’t) know Я (не) знаю ya (nye) sná-yoo]
How are you? – (Very) well! Как дела? –
(Очень) хорошо!
[kak dee-lá?] – [(ó-cheen) ha-ra-shó]
I (don’t) like it Мне это (не) нравится [mnye é-ta (nye) nrá-vee-tsa]
With pleasure! С удовольствием! [s-oo-da-vól-stvee-yem]
I can (not) Я (не) могу [ya (nye) ma-góo]
I (don’t) want Я (не) хочу [ya (nye) ha-chóo]

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